Gum disease is usually caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth

If plaque is not removed with thorough daily brushing and cleaning between teeth, gums become irritated and inflamed. The irritated gum tissue can separate from the teeth and form spaces called pockets. Bacteria move into the pockets where they continue to promote irritation. Left untreated, the process can continue until the bone and other tooth-supporting tissues are destroyed. The early stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. It often results in gums that are red and swollen and may bleed easily.

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Orthodontic treatment is an effective solution for crooked teeth and a jaw that is out of alignment.


Most treatments require brackets to be bonded to your teeth and a wire running from tooth to tooth.


Once your teeth have been repositioned, you may be required to wear a temporary retainer to keep your teeth in position.